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Title:[FW] Mandarin Surname, First Name

Gina
Topic Poster
Gina 11-05-16 09:34

Conversation 1 : What's your family name? (您贵姓)

- Nín
guì
xìng?
-
xìng
Zhāng.
-
jiào
shénme
什么
míngzi?
名字
-
jiào
Zhāng
Jīngshēng.
京生
-
xìng
shénme?
什么
-
xìng
Wāng.
nín (pro) you (respectful)
guì (adj) honour
xìng (n) surname
(v) be surnamed
(pro) I, me
Zhāng (n) (a surname)
(pro) you
jiào (v) call
什么 shénme (pro) what
名字 míngzi (n) name
京生 Jīngshēng (pro) (a first name)
(pro) he
Wāng (n) (a surname)

Translation

- What's your (family) name?
- My family name is Zhang.
- What's your first name?
- My first name is Jingsheng.
- What's his family name?
- His family name is Wang.

Conversation 2 : Who is he? (他是谁)

-
shì
shéi?
谁?
-
shì
wǒde
我的
lǎoshī.
老师。
-
rènshi
认识
ma?
吗?
- Rènshi,
认识,
shì
Zhāng
lǎoshī
老师
de
xuésheng.
学生。
shì (v) be
shéi (pro) who
de (part) (possessive particle)
我的 wǒde (pro) my
老师 lǎoshī (n) teacher
认识 rènshi (v) know
ma (part) (question particle)
学生 xuésheng (n) student

Translation

- Who is it (he)?
- He is my teacher.
- Do you know him?
- Yes, he is a student of teacher Zhang.

Conversation 3 : What's your friend's name? (你的朋友叫什么名字?)

- Nǐde
你的
péngyou
朋友
jiào
shénme
什么
míngzi?
名字?
-
xìng
Lǐ,
李,
jiào
Dàhǎi.
大海。
-
shì
tāde
他的
xìng,
姓,
hǎi
shì
Shànghǎi
上海
de
hǎi.
海。
你的 nǐde (pro) your
朋友 péngyou (n) friend
(n) (a surname)
大海 Dàhǎi (n) (a first name)
他的 tāde (pro) his
hǎi (n) sea
上海 Shànghǎi (n) Shanghai

Translation

- What is your friend's name?
- His family name is Li, his first name is Dahai.
- Li is his family name, 'hai' is the same 'hai' than in Shanghai.

Grammar

Question with an interrogative pronoun

A question with an interrogative pronoun has the same word order as that of a declarative sentence.
Example:
- 他是谁?Who is he?
- 他是我的学生。He is my student.

The interrogative particle 吗

When the interrogative particle 吗 (ma) is added at the end of a declarative sentence, it becomes a question.
Example:
- 你认识他。You know him.
- 你认识他吗?Do you know him?
- 他是老师。He is a teacher.
- 他是老师吗?Is he a teacher?

The possesive particle 的

When used attributively to show possession, a noun usually takes the structural particle 的 (de) after it.
Example:
- 我的老师 my teacher
- 老师的学生teacher's student

Calligraphy exercises

29 new characters. Click on the character to open its page (calligraphy, writing rules, etymology...)

Character 您
Character 京
Character 朋

http://www.chinese-tools.com/learn/chinese/04-surname-firstname.html