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Title:[FW] Mandarin Country, Nationality

Gina
Topic Poster
Gina 11-05-16 09:46

 

Conversation 1 : Which country are you going to? (您去哪个国家)

-

Xiānsheng nín qù nǎ gè guójiā?

先生       您去哪 国家

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

WǒqùZhōngguó.

我去  中国

 

 

 

 

 

-

Nín shìZhōngguórén ma?

  中国人 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

Shìde,

是的

shì

Zhōngguórén.

中国人

先生

xiānsheng

(n)

Mr.

(v)

go

(pro)

which

(m)

(a measure word)

国家

guójiā

(n)

country

中国

Zhōngguó

(n)

China

rén

(n)

person

中国人

Zhōngguórén

(n)

Chinese person

是的

shìde

 

yes, all right

Audio file : lesson 05 - dialog 01.mp3

Translation

- Mister, which country are you going to?
- I go to China.
- Are you Chinese?
- Yes, I'm Chinese.

Conversation 2 : Which country are you from? (你是哪国人)

-

Xiǎojiě,

小姐

shì

guó

rén?

 

 

-

shì

Měiguórén.

美国人

 

 

-

Tāmen

他们

shì

Měiguórén

美国人

ma?

 

 

-

tāmen

他们

shì

Měiguórén.

美国人

 

 

 

Tāmen

他们

dōu

shì

Yīngguórén

英国人

小姐

xiǎojiě

(n)

Miss

guó

(v)

country

美国

Měiguó

(n)

U.S.A

 

 

(plural suffix)

他们

tāmen

(pro)

they

(adv)

also, too

bù, bú

(adv)

no, not

dōu

(adv)

all

英国

Yīngguó

(n)

Britain

Audio file : lesson 05 - dialog 02.mp3

Translation

- Miss, which country are you from?
- I'm American.
- Are they American too?
- No, they are not american, they are all English.

Conversation 3 : Have you been to China? (你去过中国吗?)

-

guo

Zhōngguó

中国

ma?

 

 

-

méi

guo

Zhōngguó.

中国

 

 

-

xiǎng

Zhōngguó

中国

ma?

 

 

-

hěn

xiǎng

Zhōngguó.

中国

guo

(part)

past particle

méi

(adv)

no, not

xiǎng

(v)

want to, think

hěn

(adv)

very

Audio file : lesson 05 - dialog 03.mp3

Translation

- Have you been to China?
- I haven't been to China.
- Do you want to go to China?
- I really want to go to China.

Grammar

The verbal particles and

The verbal particle which occurs immediately after a verb denotes that some actions took place in the past. It is often used to emphasize an experience. The negative form of 'verb + ' is ' + verb + '.

Example:

- 美国。 - I have been to the USA.

- 美国。 - I have'nt been to the USA.

Phrase structure

The adverbs are placed before the verb.

Example:

- 中国人。 - I am Chinese too.

- 我们 中国人。 - We are all Chinese.

- 中国人。 - I am not Chinese.

The verb

is an optative verb. The optative verb is placed before the verb.

Example:

- 中国 吗? - Do you want to go to China?

- 中国。 - I really want to go to China.

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-

Nín

guójiā?

国家

 

 

-

Zhōngguó.

中国

法国

Fǎguó

(n)

France

德国

Déguó

(n)

Germany

加拿大

Jiānádà

(n)

Canada

意大利

Yìdàlì

(n)

Italy

日本

Rīběn

(n)

Japan

Exercise 2

-

Nín

shì

Zhōngguórén

中国人

ma?

 

 

-

( bú )

shì

Zhōngguórén.

中国人

法国人

Fǎguórén

(n)

French (people)

德国人

Déguórén

(n)