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Title:[FW] City, Native Place in Chinese

Gina
Topic Poster
Gina 11-05-16 10:06

Conversation 1 : What country is this?

- Zhè
shì
guójiā?
国家?
- Zhè
shì
Zhōngguó.
中国。
-
shì
Táiwān
台湾
ma?
吗?
-
shì
Táiwān,
台湾,
shì
Hǎinándǎo.
海南岛。
zhè (pro) this
(pro) that
台湾 Táiwān (n) Taiwan
海南岛 Hǎinándǎo (n) Hainan island

Translation

- What country is this?
- This is China.
- Is that Taiwan?
- That is not Taiwan, that is Hainan Island.

Conversation 2 : What part of China is it?

- Zhè
shì
Zhōngguó
中国
shénme
什么
dìfang?
地方?
- Zhè
shì
Běijīng.
北京。
-
shénme
什么
dìfang?
地方?
-
Shànghǎi.
上海。
nǎr?
哪儿?
-
Nánjīng.
南京。
地方 dìfang (n) locality, place
哪儿 nǎr (pro) where
北京 Běijīng (n) Peking, Beijing
上海 Shànghǎi (n) Shanghai
南京 Nánjīng (n) Nanjing

Translation

- What part of China is it?
- This is Peking (Beijing).
- What place are you going?
- I go to Shanghai. Where are you going?
- I go to Nanjing.

Conversation 3 : Where are you from?

-
shì
shénme
什么
dìfang
地方
rén?
人?
- Xiānggāngrén.
香港人。
shì
nǎr
哪儿
de
rén?
人?
- Xī'ānrén.
西安人
Xiānggǎng
香港
ma?
吗?
-
dà,
大,
hěn
xiǎo,
小,
kěshì
可是
rén
hěn
duō.
多。
香港 Xiānggǎng (n) Honk Kong
西安 Xī'ān (n) Xi'an
de (part) (structural particle)
(adj) big
xiǎo (adj) small
可是 kěshì (conj) but
duō (adj) many

Translation

- Where are you from? ( What place are you the people of )
- Hong Kong ( Honk Kong people ). Where are you from?
- Xi'an ( Xi'an people ). Is Hong Kong big?
- No ( not big ), very small, but a lot of people ( people are numerous ).

Grammar

The structural particle 的 (de)

When a noun is used to modify another noun, it usually doesn't take 的 after it.
Example:
- 中国 人 : Chinese (people of China), instead of 中国的人.
- 北京 人 : Pekingese, Beijingese

Phrase structure

When an adjective is used as a predicate, the verb 'to be' is not used.
Example:
- 香港 不 大 : Hong Konk is not big
- 北京 很 大 : Peking is very big

Exercises : Substitution Drills

Exercise 1

-
shì
Táiwān
台湾
ma?
-
shì
Táiwān.
台湾
北京 Běijīng (n) Peiking, Beijing
广州 Guǎngzhōu (n) Canton
桂林 Guìlín (n) Guilin
西藏 Xīzàng (n) Tibet
内蒙古 Nèiménggǔ (n) Inner Mongolia

Exercise 2

-
shì
shénme
什么
dìfang
地方
rén?
-
shì
Xiānggāngrén.
香港人
北京人 Běijīngrén (n) Peikingese
巴黎人 Bālírén (n) Parisian
纽约人 Niǔyuērén (n) New Yorker
伦敦人 Lúndūnrén (n) Londoner
东京人 Dōngjīngrén (n) people of Tokyo

Exercise 3

-
Xiānggǎng
香港
ma?
-
Xiānggǎng
香港
dà,
hěn
xiǎo.
N adj adj
北京 small big
上海人 few many
西安人 many few

Calligraphy exercises

15 new characters. Click on the character to open its page (calligraphy, writing rules, etymology...)

西

Character 香
Character 湾

http://www.chinese-tools.com/learn/chinese/06-city-native-place.html