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Title:Chinese (Mandarin) Measure words

Topic Poster
Gina 11-08-05 12:50
Trad. Simp. Pinyin Main uses Example
ge individual things, people — usage of this classifier in conjunction with any noun is generally accepted if the person does not know the proper classifier. 一个书包 yí ge shūbāo, a schoolbag
'handful' — objects that can be held or grabbed (knives, scissors, keys; also chairs) 一把刀 yì bă dāo. One knife.

一把盐 yì bă yan. A handful of salt.

bāo 'package', 'bundle' 一包纸巾 yì bāo zhǐ jīn; a package of paper towels
bēi 'cup' — drinks 一杯水 yì bēi shuǐ. A cup of water.
běn 'volume' — any bound print or written matter (books, etc.) 一本书 yì běn shū. A book.
slimmer volumes of books
'time' — opportunities, accidents 两次 liǎng cì. Twice. 三次 sān cì. Three times.
'droplet' water, blood, and other such fluids 一滴水 yì dī shuǐ. a drop of water
diǎn ideas, suggestions, can also mean 'a bit'
duǒ flowers, clouds 一朵花 yì duŏ huā. One flower.
gēn thin, slender objects, lit. 'a root of a...' (needles, pillars, grass, vegetable roots etc.) 一根针 yì gēn zhēn. A needle
jiā gathering of people (families, companies, etc.)
jià objects with a 'frame' or structure; generally used for machines or mechanical objects (esp. cars, planes, etc.) 一架車 yì jià chē. One car.
jiàn matters, clothing, etc. 一件衣服 yí jiàn yī fù
jié 'a section' — of bamboo, tutorials and classes, etc.
liàng automobiles, bicycles, vehicles, etc. 一辆车 yí liàng chē. One car.
miàn any flat and smooth objects, lit. 'a surface of a...' (mirrors, flags, walls, etc.) 一面镜子 yí miàn jìng zi. One mirror
horses and other mounts, or rolls/bolts of cloth 一匹马 yì pǐ mă. One horse.
piàn 'slice' — any flat objects, like cards, slices of bread, tree leaves etc. 一片叶子 yì piàn yè zi. One leaf.
píng 'bottle' — drinks
sōu ships 一艘船 yì sōu chuán. One ship.
suǒ any buildings, apartment
tái heavy objects (TVs, computers, etc.) and performances (in theatre esp., etc.)
tiáo long, narrow, flexible objects (fish, trousers, etc.) 一条鱼 yì tiáo yú. One fish.
tóu 'head' — herd animals (pigs, cows, sheep etc.,never for fowls or birds), hair 一头牛 yì tóu niú (Literally translated into English, '头' means head. So literally we are saying one head of cattle.)
wèi polite classifier for people (e.g. 'gentleman', 'professors')
zhāng 'sheet' — squarish or rectangular flat objects (paper, tables, etc.), faces, bows, paintings, tickets, constellations 一张纸 yì zhāng zhĭ. One piece of paper.
zhī stick-like objects (pens, chopsticks, etc.) 一支笔 yì zhī bî. One pen.
zhī one of a pair (e.g. hands, limbs), animals (birds, cats, etc.) 一只狗 yì zhī gŏu. One dog.
zhǒng types or kinds of objects, ideas, etc.
dǒng building object 一栋房子 yí dòng fáng zí. One house

Last edited on11-08-05 12:51