Register now!and get more exciting experience!

Log in

Title:Family Members 汉语词汇---家庭成员

MissKite
Topic Poster
MissKite 10-10-13 16:56
Chinese families are strongly paternal and hierarchical. There is a title for every family relationship on both the mother's and father's side. This is a list of Mandarin Chinese names of immediate family members.

Father
English: Father
Pinyin: bàba
Chinese: 爸爸

Mother
English: Mother
Pinyin: māma
Traditional Chinese: 媽媽
Simplified Chinese: 妈妈

Older Brother
English: Older brother
Pinyin: gēge
Chinese: 哥哥

Younger BrotherEnglish: Younger brother
Pinyin: dìdi
Chinese: 弟弟

Older Sister
English: Older sister
Pinyin: jiě jie
Chinese: 姐姐

Younger Sister
English: Younger sister
Pinyin: mèi mei
Chinese: 妹妹

Son
English: Son
Pinyin: ér zi
Traditional Chinese: 兒子
Simplified Chinese: 儿子

Daughter
English: Daughter
Pinyin: nǚ ér
Traditional Chinese: 女兒
Simplified Chinese: 女儿

1Floor
MissKite 10-10-13 17:04
Chinese family relationships reach out over several generations and through many extensions. This is a list of Mandarin Chinese names of extended family members.

Grandfather (Father's father)
English: Paternal Grandfather
Pinyin: zǔfù
Chinese: 祖父

Grandmother (Father's mother)
English: Paternal Grandmother
Pinyin: zǔmǔ
Chinese: 祖母

Grandfather (Mother's father)
English: Maternal Grandfather
Pinyin: wài gōng
Chinese: 外公

Grandmother (Mother's mother)
English: Maternal Grandmother
Pinyin: wài pó
Chinese: 外婆

Uncle (Father's older brother)
English: Uncle - Father's older brother
Pinyin: bó fù
Chinese: 伯父

Aunt (Father's older brother's wife)
English: Uncle - Father's older brother's wife
Pinyin: bó mǔ
Chinese: 伯母

Uncle (Father's younger brother)
English: Uncle - Father's younger brother
Pinyin: shū fù
Chinese: 叔父

Aunt (Father's younger brother's wife)
English: Aunt - Father's younger brother's wife
Pinyin: shěn shěn
Traditional Chinese: 嬸嬸
Simplified Chinese: 婶婶

Uncle (Mother's brother)
English: Uncle - Mother's brother
Pinyin: jiù jiu
Chinese: 舅舅

Aunt (Mother's brother's wife)
English: Aunt - Mother's brother's wife
Pinyin: jiù mā
Traditional Chinese: 舅媽
Simplified Chinese: 舅妈

Aunt (Mother's sister)
English: Aunt - Mother's sister
Pinyin: āyí
Chinese: 阿姨

Uncle (Mother's sister's husband)
English: Uncle - Mother's sister's husband
Pinyin: yí zhàng
Chinese: 姨丈

Aunt (Father's Sister)
English: Aunt - Father's sister
Pinyin: gū mā
Traditional Chinese: 姑媽
Simplified Chinese: 姑妈

Uncle (Father's sister's husband)
English: Aunt - Father's sister's husband
Pinyin: gū zhàng
Chinese: 姑丈

2Floor
MissKite 10-10-13 17:04
This list of extended Chinese family relationships covers family members of the same generation or younger - cousins, bothers and sisters-in-law, and nieces and nephews.

Bother-in-law (Older sister's husband)
English: Brother-in-law - Older sister's husband
Pinyin: jiě fu
Chinese: 姐夫

Brother-in-law (Younger sister's husband)
English: Brother-in-law - Younger sister's husband
Pinyin: mèi xù
Chinese: 妹婿

Sister-in-law (Older brother's wife)
English: Sister-in-law - Older brother's wife
Pinyin: sǎosao
Chinese: 嫂嫂

Sister-in-law (Younger brother's wife)
English: Sister-in-law - Younger brother's wife
Pinyin: dì xí
Chinese: 弟媳

Older Male Cousin (Father's side)
English: Older male cousin - Father's side
Pinyin: táng gē
Chinese: 堂哥

Younger Male Cousin (Father's side)
English: Younger male cousin - Father's side
Pinyin: táng dì
Chinese: 堂弟

Older Female Cousin (Father's side)
English: Older female cousin - Father's side
Pinyin: táng jiě
Chinese: 堂姐

Younger Female Cousin (Father's side)
English: Younger female cousin - Father's side
Pinyin: táng mèi
Chinese: 堂妹

Older Male Cousin (Mother's side)
English: Older male cousin - Mother's side
Pinyin: biǎo gē
Chinese: 表哥

Younger Male Cousin (Mother's side)
English: Younger male cousin - Mother's side
Pinyin: biǎo dì
Chinese: 表弟

Older Female Cousin (Mother's side)
English: Older female cousin - Mother's side
Pinyin: biǎo jiě
Chinese: 表姐

Younger Female Cousin (Mother's side)
English: Younger female cousin - Mother's side
Pinyin: biǎo mèi
Chinese: 表妹

Nephew (Brother's son)
English: Nephew - Brother's son
Pinyin: zhí zi
Traditional Chinese: 姪子
Simplified Chinese: 侄子

Niece (Brother's daugther)
English: Niece - Brother's daughter
Pinyin: zhí nǚ
Traditional Chinese: 姪女
Simplified Chinese : 侄女

Nephew (Sister's son)
English: Nephew - Sister's son
Pinyin: wài shēng
Chinese: 外甥

Niece (Sister's daughter)
English: Niece - Sister's daughter
Pinyin: wài shēng nǚ
Chinese: 外甥女

3Floor
Language Trainers 13-06-24 15:57
much more complicated than the titles in English