Register now!and get more exciting experience!

Log in

中国个税调整反响强烈 Beijing Gets an Earful on Income Taxes

cindy  11-06-17 14:50

Language:中文 pin yin English

中国个税调整反响强烈
Zhōngguó gèshuì tiáozhěng fǎnxiǎng qiángliè

       中国政府就个人所得税法修正案草案公开向社会征求意见。该修正案建议将个税起征点从目前的每月2000元提高到3000元,同时调整税率等级以促进更公平地分配财富。新华社报道说,该草案于4月25日在全国人民代表大会网站发布,截至征集社会意见的最后一天,共收到了23万多条意见。此次征集的意见数量打破了2006年《劳动合同法》修正案草案创造的记录。

An on-again, off-again proposal to raise China's minimum income tax threshold has set a new record for public commentary on a national draft amendment, reported by the state-run Xinhua news agency.The amendment proposes raising the country's minimum income tax threshold to 3,000 yuan ($437) per month from the current minimum of 2,000 yuan per month and adjusting tax brackets to achieve a fairer distribution of wealth. Posted on the official website of the National People's Congress on April 25, the draft had attracted more than 230,000 public comments by the final day of the open comment period, according to Xinhua.That level of public feedback broke the previous record set in 2006 with the release of a draft amendment to China's Labor Contract Law, the report said.

       此次个税调整与政府财政关系不大。根据中国国家统计局数据,2009年个税占政府总收入的比重仅为4.8%。换言之,中国就算完全去掉所得税也依然有足够的钱在全国各地修桥铺路、大兴土木。中国的所得税问题更多的是政治问题。中国政府热切希望减轻中低收入家庭的负担,以推动实现十二五规划提出的更“均衡的”经济增长。

The proposed changes have little to do with the government coffers. Taxes on individual income in China made up an anemic 4.8% of total government revenue in 2009, according to the National Bureau of Statistics. In other words, China could get rid of income taxes altogether and still have plenty to spend on bridges (and highways) to nowhere.Instead, the income tax question in China is much more a matter of politics. Beijing is nevertheless keen to lessen the burden on lower- and middle-income families as part of a push for more 'balanced' economic growth outlined in the country's latest five-year plan.

       历经四年多酝酿的个税修正案草案在今年4月未能通过全国人大的审议,之后公开向社会征求意见。

In the works for more than four years, the draft amendment was submitted for public comment after failing a review in the National People's Congress, China's legislature, in April.

       对个税修正案的争论突出反映了中国政府在应对中国经济增长利益分配方式时面临的困难。这一点在提高个税起征点问题引发的争论中尤为明显。提高个税起征点是修正案的核心部分。反对者说这是针对生活成本上涨问题盲目一刀切的拙劣方法。鉴于较大城市飞涨的房价和其他成本,很多人建议起征点提高至5000元。

Arguments over the amendment have highlighted the difficulty Beijing faces in dealing with a country where the benefits of economic growth are being distributed in an increasingly skewed fashion.This is most apparent in debates over the amendment's core proposal -- ' the raising of the income tax threshold '--which many critics have blasted as a clumsy one-size-fits-all approach to the problem of rising costs of living. In view of skyrocketing housing prices and other costs in the bigger cities, many have suggested the threshold be raised as high as 5,000 yuan.

       一位网友在新浪微博上写道:“全国不能一刀切。各地消费差距太大了,上海这几天买个青菜很多都要8块一斤了。”这也是中国广大网友的普遍看法。

'You can't solve the problem with a single slice of the knife,' one user of the popular Sina Weibo microblogging service wrote in a sentiment widely repeated throughout the Chinese Internet. 'Costs of living in each place differ by too much. These past few days green vegetables are going for eight yuan a half-kilo in Shanghai.'

       虽然有些经济学家建议,中国政府应在不同地区采用不同的个税起征点,以照顾到各地相差迥异的生活成本,不过也有经济学家认为,这种做法在人口众多的中国难以执行。而中国政府中的经济学家坚持认为,3,000元起征点已经高于应对通胀所需的水平。

While some economists have suggested Beijing implement different thresholds in different locales to account for varying costs of living, others have rejected that idea as too difficult to implement in a country with such a large population. Government economists, meanwhile, argue that the 3,000 yuan threshold is already higher than it needs to be to cover inflation.

       围绕调整税率等级展开了一场更有意思的讨论。个税修正案草案提出,把当前的九级税率减少到七级。此外,该草案还计划把45%的最高级税率对应的月收入起点从102,000元降到82,000元。这种累进税率政策可能容易被民众所接受,但有批评人士认为,其实可以通过降低最高税率让中国的个税体系更加先进。

An arguably more interesting debate, however, surrounds adjustments to the tax bracket. The draft amendment proposes reducing the number of the brackets to seven from the current nine. It also aims to lower the cut-off for the highest bracket --45% -- to 82,000 yuan per month from 102,000 yuan per month. That's the kind of progressive tax policy that's likely to play well with the public, but some critics have argued the income-tax system could be made more progressive by actually lowering the highest tax rate.

       商业杂志《财新》上周发布了一份有关个税修正案草案的报告,其中援引中国社会科学院研究员张卓元的话说,45%的税率太高,助长了人们的避税行为。人们普遍认为中国富豪上报的收入大大少于其真实收入。

In a report on the amendment last week, business magazine Caixin quoted Zhang Zhuoyuan, a research fellow at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, as arguing the 45% rate was so high that it encouraged tax evasion --' an endemic problem in a country where the wealthiest are widely believed to vastly underreport their real income.

       北京大学经济学家刘怡向新华社解释中国个税改革面临的最大批评时说,目前的调整仍仅限于针对工薪所得,并没有涉及高收入群体的股息、资本利得等非劳动所得,对高收入人群的影响并不是很大。由于信息不对称,高收入人群工薪所得之外的收入很难被监测和征收到。对高收入人群工薪以外收入的个税征管亟待加强。

'High-income people's 'gray income' is hard to monitor and tax,' Peking University economist Liu Yi tells Xinhua in explaining one of the biggest criticisms of the proposed income tax changes: That they fail to address stock dividends and other, possibly less legal sources of wealth enjoyed by the country's economic elite.

       让中国富人真正缴纳他们应缴的所得税,会让中国政府获得民众认可。

Getting China's rich to actually pay their fair share-- ' now there's a political statement that would earn Beijing the popular approval it craves.

 http://www.cuyoo.com/home/article-7303-1.html

词语注释 Words
个税(gèshuì)abbreviation of personal income tax
修正案(xiūzhèng àn)amendment
比重(bǐzhòng)proportion
换言之(huàn yán zhī)in other words
大兴土木(dà xīng tǔmù)go in for large-scale construction
审议(shěnyì)examination and discussion
一刀切(yìdāoqiē)cut it even at one stroke—make everything rigidly uniform
迥异(jiǒngyì)totally different
通胀(tōngzhàng)abbreviation of inflation
助长(zhùzhǎng)foster; help to grow
亟待(jídài)urgently need to

版权所有:MyEChinese

Share |
Edit on11-06-21 17:25

1Floor
11-06-17 15:02
看新闻听力真长知识!

2Floor
11-06-17 15:00
税……

3Floor
11-06-17 15:10
坐等最终的消息~~~~~