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寒喧 Phatic Expressions

estella  11-12-13 15:35

Language:中文 pin yin English

学习主题 Subject
       人们见面招呼时通常会问候几句,除了“吃了吗”,“ 出去啊?”这样的问候语,中国人还会用一些其他的问候语,这些问候语和英文中的“你好吗?”“最近怎么样?”差不多,那这些问候语应该怎么说呢?又应该怎么样回答呢?
People often exchange a few words of greetings when they meet. Apart from "吃了吗?(Have you had your meal?)" and "出去啊?(Are you going out?)" the Chinese also use some expressions similar to "How're you?" "How's it going?" and "What's up" in English. How do you say them in Chinese? And how do you reply?

重点词 Key Words
怎么样 zěnmeyàng pron. how is...
还 hái adv. fairly; pretty
行 xíng v. OK; all right
可以 kěyǐ adj. not bad; passable
挺……的 tǐng……de IE. rather; quite
不错 búcuò adj. not bad
会话示例 Dialogue
会话
1两位同事在聊天。
Ⅰ (Two colleagues are chatting.)
电影怎么样?
A: Diànyǐng zěnmeyàng?
How was the movie?
挺不错的,你应该去看。
B: Tǐng búcuò de.
Quite good.
2 两个熟人很久没见面了,偶然碰面了。
Ⅱ (Two acquaintances meet after quite a while.)
哟,这不是老赵吗?
A: Zhè bú shì Lǎo Zhào ma?
Isn't it Lao Zhao?
哟,老马,好久不见。
B: Lǎo Mǎ,hǎo jiǔ bú jiàn.
Lao Ma, haven’t seen you for a while.
你怎么样?还好吗?
A: Nǐ zěnmeyàng?Hái hǎo ma?
How're you? Pretty good?
还好,你呢?
B: Hái hǎo, nǐ ne?
I'm good. How're you?
我也还可以。
A: Wǒ yě hái kěyǐ.
Pretty good, too.
你孩子怎么样?在哪儿上学?
A: Nǐ háizi zěnmeyàng? Zài nǎr shàng xué?
How's your kid? Where is (s)he studying?
在北大。
B: Zài Běidà.
At Peking University.
好啊,有出息。
A: Hǎo a, yǒu chūxi.
Oh, what a promising young man/lady.
还行吧。
B: Hái xíng ba.
(S)he's all right.

版权所有:MyEChinese

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Edit on11-12-13 15:36

1Floor
11-12-16 17:00
寒暄语好要好好教啊,自从我告诉学生们,中国人问好习惯用“吃了吗”以后。无论任何时间、场所,孩子们都会来句“老师,您吃了吗?”

2Floor
15-05-24 23:57
Nice thanks I learn need more