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湖南 Hunan

wh  10-09-27 16:23
 

        湖南位于我国东南腹地,长江中游,是连接东部沿海省与西部内陆省的桥梁地带。全省土地总面积21.18万平方公里。因区域大部分在洞庭湖以南,而称“湖南”,又因省内最大河流湘江贯穿南北,而简称“湘”。湘江之畔,鱼米之洲,湖南又被称之为“鱼米之乡”。湖南毗邻七个省市:东邻江西,西连重庆、四川、贵州,南按广东、广西,北界湖北。

        湖南东南西三面环山,中部、北部低平,形成向北开口的马蹄形盆地。境内山地约占总面积的一半,平原、盆地、丘陵、水面约占一半。主要山脉有雪峰山、武陵山、幕阜山—罗霄山及南岭山脉。主要水面有洞庭湖及湘江、资水、沅江、澧水,四水由西南向北汇聚洞庭湖,经岳阳城陵矶注入长江。湖南属亚热带季风湿润气候,气侯温和、四季分明、雨量充沛。

        湖南历史悠久,物产丰富,风光秀丽,名胜古迹众多。省境内有国家和省级风景名胜区25处,省级以上自然保护区22处,古建筑及历史纪念建筑物51处,古遗址、古墓葬、古碑刻70余处。湖南的旅游资源以名山、名水、名城、名人为特色。西部的张家界,集大自然奇、险、秀、幽于一体,1992年被联合国教科文组织列入《世界自然遗产名录》;中部南岳衡山,有“五岳独秀”之称,是中国南方著名佛教禅林和避暑胜地;北部洞庭湖,昔日号称“八百里洞庭”,为中国第二大淡水湖,水天一色,景色壮观。湖南省省会长沙和重镇岳阳,是中国著名历史文化名城。湖南还是名人辈出之地,曾出现魏源、曾国藩、谭嗣同、黄兴、蔡锷、毛泽东、刘少奇等对中国历史有重大影响的人物。湖南的传统手工艺品和土特产以浏阳夏布、长沙湘绣、邵阳和桃江竹器等为著名。

Hunan Province is located in the southern part of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. Since it lies to the south of Dongting Lake, the second largest fresh water lake in China, it was given the name Hunan (literally meaning south of the lake). As the Xiangjiang River runs through the province from north to south, it has been shortened to Xiang. Hunan borders Hubei in the north, Jiangxi to the east, Guangdong to the south, Guangxi to the southwest, Guizhou to the west, and Chongqing to the northwest. Hunan has a total area of 211,800 square km.

With mountains in the east, south and west, the land generally slopes from the south towards the north in the shape of a horsehoof-like basin. Hunan is surrounded by mountains and hills, such as the Wuling Mountains to the northwest, the Xuefeng Mountains to the west, the Nanling Mountains to the south, and the Luoxiao Mountains to the east.  There are more than 4,700 waterways in Hunan, the largest being the Xiangjiang, Zishui, Yuanjiang and Lishui rivers, all of which flow into Dongting Lake, forming an integrated water system. Dongting, the second largest freshwater lake in China, takes the floodwaters of the Yangtze River in addition to the waters of the four large rivers, and flows into the Yangtze River at Chenglingji. Hunan is in the continental sub-tropical monsoon humid climate zone. It has a short winter and a long frost-free period. The sunshine lasts for a long period during the day and the four seasons are clearly distinguished.
Hunan Province is famous for its picturesque scenery. There are places of historic interest and scenic beauty, such as Yuelu Mountain, Hengshan Mountain, Jiuyi Mountain, the Yueyang Tower, the Dongting Lake and Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area. There are a lot of celebrities in Hunan history, and the most famous are: Qu Yuan, a great poet and one of the four ancient cultural celebrities in the world; Cai Lun, who invented papermaking and made the first piece of fabric paper in the world; Qi Baishi, the most famous contemporary Chinese painter; Mao Zedong, the founder of the People's Republic of China; Yuan Longping, who is well known in the world for the rice-hybriding skill. The former residences of these celebrities and sites of some revolutionary events. Hunan is "a land of fish and rice", teeming with delicacies, fruits and handicrafts of every kind. Its embroidery is known across the country and the ammonite stone carvings are famous throughout the world.

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Edit on10-09-27 16:24