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台湾 Taiwan

wh  10-10-10 22:53

        台湾是中国一个由岛屿组成的海上省份,位于中国大陆架的东南缘。全省由台湾本岛和周围属岛以及澎湖列岛两大岛群,共80余个岛屿组成。陆地总面积约3.6万平方公里。台湾北临东海,东北接琉球群岛;东临太平洋;南接巴士海峡,与菲律宾相邻;西隔台湾海峡与大陆福建省相望,最近处仅130公里。全省扼西太平洋航道的中心,战略位置非常重要。台湾海峡为中国南北方之间的海上交通要道,是著名的远东海上走廊。她与庙岛群岛、舟山群岛、海南岛,构成一条海上“长城”,为中国东南沿海的天然屏障,素有“东南锁钥”,“七省藩篱”之称,战备位置十分重要。

        台湾是世界上少有的热带“高山之岛”,除西岸一带为平原外,其余占全岛2/3的地区都是高山峻岭。台东山脉、中央山脉、玉山山脉,号称“台湾屋脊”。最著名的是阿里山,为台湾秀丽俊美风光之象征。台湾岛地形特征是中间高,两侧低,以纵贯南北的中央山脉为分水岭,分别渐次地向东、西海岸跌落。玉山山脉的主峰玉山,海拔3997米,为台湾第一高峰。台湾森林覆盖面积占全省土地总面积的一半以上,比欧洲著名的“山林之国”瑞士的森林面积还大1倍。台湾四面环海,又处暖流与寒流的交汇地,海产十分丰富。鱼类多达500多种。高雄、基隆、苏澳、花莲、新港、澎湖等地都是著名的渔场。此外,台湾出产的海盐也久负盛名。台湾全省位置跨温带与热带之间,属于热带和亚热带气候。由于它四面环海,受海洋性季风调节,终年气候宜人,冬无严寒,夏无酷暑。台湾气候多雨,且受台风影响较多。
        作为著名的世界旅游胜地,台湾岛上的风光,可概括为“山高、林密、瀑多、岸奇”等几个特征。台湾省的山山水水被大自然的神工鬼斧安排得婀娜多姿。早在清代就有“八景十二胜”之说。这八景是:玉山积雪、阿里山云海、双潭秋月、大屯春色、鲁阁幽峡、清水断崖、安平夕照、澎湖渔火;十二胜则是:清流见底的碧潭、温泉汹涌的北投、风光明媚的大溪、群峰错落的角板山、高耸入云的五指山、佛教圣地狮头山、扼控南北的八卦山、波光闪闪的虎头埤、古朴清幽的旗山、奇岩怪石的大里筒,翠绿可爱的太平山、素有樱都之称的雾社。

 

Taiwan is a beautiful island that is located almost at a distance of 120 km off the south eastern coastal region of the country of China. The area of Taiwan is about 36,179 square km and the shape of Taiwan looks like a sweet potato when it is looked at a south to north direction. The island of Taiwan is located in the Western Pacific between Japan and the Philippines off the southeast coast of China, from which it is separated by the Taiwan Strait. The width of the strait is less than 200 kilometers and the narrowest part is only 130 kilometer; it traverses the sea trough of Okinawa in the northeast and neighbours Ryukyu-gunto. It holds a strategic point of communication on the north-south sea of China and the communications hub of West Pacific shipping line, and constitutes the natural barrier of China's south-east sea waters and the communication pivot of contacts among countries in the Pacific region.

Taiwan is known for its eminent mountain features that span from the north to the south of the island. These hard rock mountains had developed from series of volcanic activities. Nearly 200 of the island's peaks rise 3,000 meters or more in altitude, with Yu Shan (Mount Jade) being the highest peak at 3,952 meters. Lush green mountains occupy up to the edge of the cerulean Pacific Ocean on the east coast, while the west coast features large coastal plains, which oblique downwardly to the Taiwan Strait. Taiwan's weather is distinct in both the north and south. While the south enjoys a tropical, oceanic climate, the north is semi-tropical at mountain altitudes, with a touch of snow.
Taiwan is considered as one of the best visited locations of the world. There are various tourist locations , some of the favorite places to visit in Taiwan are National Palace Museum, Taipei 101, Sun Moon Lake, Taroko Gorge, Shilin Night Market, Lungshan Temple and many more. Some of the other places to go are the Yangmin Mountain and the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Shrine. Culture, rituals and customs in Taiwan are very colorful and rich owing to a diverse composition of its population. However, the Chinese culture dominates that of Taiwan. Goods made out of jade is a favorite of all those who visit the country. Peking Opera and traditional Taiwanese dance performances are very interesting to watch. Tourist can also see marvelous works of calligraphy, paintings, wood carvings etc..

 

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Edit on10-10-10 22:59