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香港 Hong Kong

wh  10-10-12 13:23
 

        香港特别行政区位于珠江三角洲南部、珠江口东侧,东、南濒南海,北隔深圳河,陆地面积1103平方公里,人口超过660万,是世界上人口最稠密的地区之一。香港与世界上200多个国家和地区的460个港口有运输和贸易往来,是世界最繁忙的航运港口之一。香港是一个举世闻名的国际大都市,由于优越的地理位置和国际资本的不断注入,香港已发展成为世界金融贸易中心,其黄金外汇市场,深水自由港、转口贸易等已成为国际商业的重要组成部分,是亚洲经济重要的增长点,被誉为“东方之珠”、“动感之都”。

        香港地处我国亚热带季风的过渡地带,香港全境受亚热带季风的控制和影响,因此,香港的气候属于南亚热带季风气候类型。气候特征为湿热多雨,四季分明,夏秋多台风,四季各有特色,春季温暖多雾,夏季炎热多雨,秋季日晴和爽,冬季微干凉冷。

        香港由香港岛、九龙半岛、新界和离岛四部分组成。香港岛面积为78平方公里;新界的面积约有980平方公里,相当于香港陆地面积的91%;九龙是位在于北边港口的半岛;离岛由262个岛屿组成的。香港岛又称为港岛,是香港第二大岛,隔维多利亚湾与九龙相望。香港岛主要的景点有:太平山顶、浅水湾、香港仔、海洋公园、跑马地赛马场、维多利亚公园、金紫荆广场、皇后广场、香港会议展览中心、香港杜莎夫人蜡像馆、赤柱、文武庙、圣约翰大教堂、香港动植物公园、香港茶具博物馆、香港警队博物馆、香港公园、半山自动扶梯、石阶街等。九龙半岛是香港的工商业活动中心,世界最繁忙的前启德机场就在九龙,还有世界第三大天然深水港之一的维多利亚港。主要的景点有油麻地、旺角、维多利亚湾与幻彩咏香江、黄大仙祠、星光大道、尖东海滨、香港历史博物馆、香港艺术馆、香港科学馆、香港太空馆、九龙城寨公园、钟楼、九龙公园、九龙清真寺等。新界有很多自然景观和人文景观,香港湿地公园是香港最大的湿地保护区,也是亚洲首个拥有同类型设施的公园。新界的主要旅游景点有西贡、三栋屋博物馆、万佛寺、吉庆围、圆玄学园、新田大夫第、流浮山等。大屿山是香港地区最大的岛屿,主要旅游景点有:迪士尼乐园、宝莲寺、大澳、青马大桥、梅窝、东涌等。

 

Hong Kong is often called the "Oriental Pearl", deriving its name from the Xiangjiang River. The two Chinese characters in the name "Xiang" and "Gang" together mean the "Fragrant Harbor". Hong Kong is located in East Asia, just south of the Tropic of Cancer and nestles towards the eastern end of Macau (within 37 miles) lying reverse to Pearl River Delta. It is engulfed by the city of Shenzhen towards its northern stretches within Guangdong Province.

On 1 July 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region of China in an arrangement lasting 50 years. Under the 'one country, two systems' policy, Hong Kong maintains its own political, social and economic systems. Hong Kong is one of Asia's most important commercial, business and trade regions. It ranks as the world's third-largest financial center, second-largest container port and number-one exporter and manufacturer of textiles, clothing and toys. Many consider Hong Kong to be the most beautiful harbor city in Asia. Whether all visitors agree or not is open to question, but few, if any at all, will dispute Hong Kong's reputation as one of the best places in the world for shopping.

Hong Kong is the most visited tourist destination in all of Asia, and despite its small size it is filled with many must-see attractions. The Hong Kong urban area is divided into Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, New Territories and Outlying Islands. Hong Kong Island is dominated by Victoria Peak and separated from Kowloon by Victoria Harbor. The island is an eclectic mix of modern skyscrapers, colonial buildings and traditional temples. Central is the financial and commercial hub of the island and the main point for catching the famous Star ferry to the Kowloon Peninsula. Central is also a major shopping and entertainment area with the trendy night spots of Lang Kwai Fong and SoHo. Nearby, along Hollywood Road is Man Mo Temple, the country's oldest Chinese temple. Situated near the harbor is Ocean Park, a popular amusement park with roller coaster rides, large reef aquariums, performing dolphins and killer whales, as well as giant pandas. Kowloon is Considered as Hong Kong's 'tourist mecca', Tsim Sha Tsui is packed with tourist hotels, shops and markets. Nathan Road is a smart and fashionable shopping street, considered the equivalent of Fifth Avenue or the Champs Elysées. New Territories situates between Kowloon and Mainland China, and are a contrast of hilly woodlands, wildlife reserves, sandy bays, new towns and lively markets. Many historical and interesting sights are scattered among the New Territories. Hong Kong has over 260 outlying islands but only a few are inhabited. Lantau Island is famed for its Giant Buddha that sits upon Ngong Ping Plateau at the Po Lin Monastery. Disneyland Hong Kong is Disney's latest theme park, located in the lush setting of Lantau Island.


 

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Edit on10-10-22 15:56