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北京 Beijing Highlight

wh  10-08-26 11:01

 

北京为中国六大古都之一,辽代建为陪都,名南京,又称燕京;金代改燕京为中都。元朝忽必烈在此定都叫大都。1368年改大都为北平府;1403年明成祖朱棣将他的封地北平府改为顺天府,也叫北京。后来他把都城从南京迁到北京.

  北京位于华北平原的西北部,西北部是燕山山脉,是北京的一道天然屏障,东南是缓缓向渤海倾斜的平地,市中心海拔50米左右,自然条件比较优越。

  北京,燕、蓟重镇,辽的陪都,金、元、明、清的故都,地上地下文物保存非常丰富,为世界闻名的历史文化古城。有天安门、人民英雄纪念碑、毛主席纪念堂、故宫、北海、天坛、颐和园、十三陵、万里长城和中国猿人遗址等重要革命和历史文物。

 

Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. It is the political and cultural center, and also one of the international communication hubs of the country. Located at 39°56' N and 116°20' E, on the northwest edge of the North China Plain, Beijing adjoins Tianjin to its east and Hebei to its north, west and south. The Bohai Sea lies about 150 km to its southeast. Beijing has 16 districts and two counties under its jurisdiction, covering an area of 16,807.8 sq km, including 87.1 sq km of urban area.
Human activities began in the Beijing area some half a million years ago. The recorded history of Beijing as a city can date back to more than 3,000 years ago. In 1271 Kublai Khan renamed the city and decided to build it as the capital of his empire, and since then, Beijing served as a national capital for more than 700 years, being one of China's seven great ancient capitals. In this famed historical and cultural city, cultural heritage sites and scenic spots are found everywhere. Ancient palace groups, temples, parks, ancient pagodas with rock carvings, imperial gardens and tombs, former residences of historic personages throng the city side by side with modern buildings of museums and memorial halls.
Beijing has a total of 7,309 cultural heritage sites, including 42 under state protection and 222 under municipal protection. The Forbidden City, the Great Wall, the Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian, the Temple of Heaven (Tiantan Park), the Summer Palace and the Ming Tombs (Shisanling) are on the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Beijing has over 200 scenic spots open to visitors, such as the Forbidden City, the Beihai Park, the Ming Tombs, the Great Wall, Yonghegong Lama Temple, Tanzhe Temple, Fragrant Hills, the Ruins of the Yuanmingyuan, the Eight Great Sites, Longqing Gorge, Shihua Cave and etc.

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Edit on10-09-28 11:20