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河南 Henan

wh  10-09-13 16:23

 
 

      河南省位于中国中东部,黄河中下游,黄淮海平原西南部,大部分地区在黄河以南,故名"河南"。2000多年前,河南是中国九州中心的豫州,所以,河南简称"豫",且有"中州"、"中原"之称。河南与河北、山西、陕西、湖北、安徽、山东毗邻。全省总面积约16.7万平方公里。黄河流经河南境内700多公里。

      河南是华夏文明的主要发祥地之一。在河南已经发现的7000年前的裴李岗文化遗址、6000年前的仰韶文化遗址、5000年前的大河文化遗址,在中华民族的发展史上均有划时代的意义。在中华民族数千年的文明史中,先后有20多个朝代在此建都或迁都。中国已确定的七大古都河南有其三,即殷商古都安阳、九朝古都洛阳、七朝古都开封。中国古代四大发明中的指南针、造纸、火药三大技术均发明于河南。河南地下文物居全国第1位,地上文物居全国第2位。众多的文物古迹和著名的黄河等自然风光构成了河南丰富的旅游资源。

 

Henan Province is located in eastern central China, on the plain between the Yellow and Huaihe rivers. As most part of the province lies to the south of the Yellow River, which runs for over 700 km through its territory, it was given the name Henan (River South). Because Henan was called Yuzhou and considered as the center of China more than 2,000 years ago, the province is called Yu for short, and also referred to as Zhongzhou (Central Prefecture) and Zhongyuan (Central Plain). Neighboring Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hubei, Anhui and Shandong provinces, Henan covers an area of 167,000 sq km.
As one of the major birthplaces of the Chinese civilization, Henan has several epoch-making archeological discoveries, including the Peiligang Culture Site dating back 7,000 years, Yangshao Culture Site of some 6,000 years ago, and Dahe Culture Site of more than 5,000 years ago. In ancient China, more than 20 dynasties established their capitals in Henan. Three of China's seven great ancient capitals are located in Henan: Anyang of the Shang Dynasty, Luoyang of nine dynasties and Kaifeng of seven dynasties. Three of ancient China's four great inventions, the compass, paper-making and gunpowder, were made in Henan. The province numbers first in the whole country in terms of underground cultural relics, and the second in existing cultural relics on the ground. The Yellow River, with numerous ancient relics and scenic attractions, also provides a rich tourist resource to Henan.

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Edit on10-09-28 11:21