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天津 Tianjin

estella  11-06-27 17:04

Language:中文 pin yin English

天津市简称津,位于华北平原东部,北倚燕山,东临渤海,是中国沿海大港之一。

    天津地处我国华北平原的东北部, 海河流域下游。它东临渤海,北依燕山,南北长189 公里,东西宽117公里,总面积11919.7平方公里。天津是我国北方重要的港口贸易城市、交通枢纽。从市中心计算,天津距北京137公里,是首都的海港门户。

    天津保存的文物古迹有天后宫、文庙、广东会馆等。革命遗址有大沽口炮台、望海楼遗址、义和团遗址、平津战役前线指挥部等。传统文化艺术有泥人张彩塑、杨柳青年画、天津曲艺等。现存的过去各国租界地的外国式建筑和清末民国初年的别墅式建筑和街道,如同一个近代“建筑博物馆”很有特色。另外天津的食品街有许多天津风味食品,最有名的是天津大麻花、狗不理包子等。

Tianjin, referred to as "Jin" for short, is situated in the northeastern part of North China Plain, bordering the Bohai Sea in the east, leaning against the Yanshan Mountain in the north, with its terrain traversing the Haihe River through north and south. The municipality is 189 km long from north to south and 117 km wide from east to west, with a total land area of 11,919.7 sq km. Tianjin, 137 km southeast of Beijing, has always been known as the gateway to the capital of China. This unique geographical position made Tianjin the largest port city, the transportation hub, and the trade center in North China.

  

As a famous city of historic and cultural significance in China, Tianjin is a birth place of culture and arts in the north of China. It enjoys a reputation of a "cradle of operas" and "motherland of quyi". The professional performance troupes of Tianjin deal with a wide range of arts, including Peking opera, pingju opera, Hebei bangzi, quyi, drama, singing and dancing, symphony, etc. In the museums and memorials in Tianjin, there are nearly 60,000 pieces of cultural relics, including some rarities which deserve to be recognized as national treasures. The local folk arts of Tianjin are varied and interesting. The colorful Yangliuqing Chinese New Year Paintings, vivid colored sculptures of Clay Figurine Zhang, impressive well-designed kites of made by the Weis', and exquisite Liu's brick carving are outstanding representatives of the folk arts of Tianjin. As a modern cultural metropolis, Tianjin claims possession of a 415.2-meter-tall TV and radio tower, a world-class exhibition center, and the largest modern book edifice in China. These first-rated cultural facilities, with their unique features, constitute a public culture and sports service system, which contributes to the prosperity of the culture in the modern city.


版权所有:MyEChinese

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