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天津 Tianjin

estella  11-06-27 17:04

Language:中文 pin yin English


    天津地处我国华北平原的东北部, 海河流域下游。它东临渤海,北依燕山,南北长189 公里,东西宽117公里,总面积11919.7平方公里。天津是我国北方重要的港口贸易城市、交通枢纽。从市中心计算,天津距北京137公里,是首都的海港门户。


Tianjin, referred to as "Jin" for short, is situated in the northeastern part of North China Plain, bordering the Bohai Sea in the east, leaning against the Yanshan Mountain in the north, with its terrain traversing the Haihe River through north and south. The municipality is 189 km long from north to south and 117 km wide from east to west, with a total land area of 11,919.7 sq km. Tianjin, 137 km southeast of Beijing, has always been known as the gateway to the capital of China. This unique geographical position made Tianjin the largest port city, the transportation hub, and the trade center in North China.


As a famous city of historic and cultural significance in China, Tianjin is a birth place of culture and arts in the north of China. It enjoys a reputation of a "cradle of operas" and "motherland of quyi". The professional performance troupes of Tianjin deal with a wide range of arts, including Peking opera, pingju opera, Hebei bangzi, quyi, drama, singing and dancing, symphony, etc. In the museums and memorials in Tianjin, there are nearly 60,000 pieces of cultural relics, including some rarities which deserve to be recognized as national treasures. The local folk arts of Tianjin are varied and interesting. The colorful Yangliuqing Chinese New Year Paintings, vivid colored sculptures of Clay Figurine Zhang, impressive well-designed kites of made by the Weis', and exquisite Liu's brick carving are outstanding representatives of the folk arts of Tianjin. As a modern cultural metropolis, Tianjin claims possession of a 415.2-meter-tall TV and radio tower, a world-class exhibition center, and the largest modern book edifice in China. These first-rated cultural facilities, with their unique features, constitute a public culture and sports service system, which contributes to the prosperity of the culture in the modern city.


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